Bones form essential in skeletal as well as bodily structures of the human bodies. Numbering to 206 en totale, they are indispensable in making a human body to work, to run, to move and to accentuate itself in every step and move in its lifetime. One thing should be borne in mind, that weak bones are not a natural part of ageing. While strong bones begin in childhood, persons of all ages can advance themselves in their bone health.
Bone diseases can be broadly divided into two parts – common bone diseases and rare bone diseases; whereas, meager bone fractures can be fallen under the category of bone disorders, along with some bone disorders observable in the cases of children and elderly people like, rickets and Paget’s disease.
Common Bone Diseases
The most common bone disease is osteoporosis, which can be distinguished by low bone mass and deterred skeletal part structure. Osteoporosis can be stopped, through an on time identification and a proper treatment. When skeletal parts lose minerals like, calcium that makes them powerful and as a result, bones become weakened and do fracture easily —- such a condition is termed as osteoporosis. In this disease, the bone mass decline or do not get optimal allowances of calcium and other minerals, thus, resulting in a deterioration of the bone structure. Resultantly, a low skeletal part mass weakens the bones such that they may shatter, or can fracture easily with a fall of influence. Awestruck to one’s mind, there are no signs or symptoms of this condition, apropos the medical science of today.
Of the other common bone diseases, one is osteogenesis imperfecta – a genetic bone disease distinguished by brittle skeletal parts that break or fracture easily. Caused by a gene defect in the production of a protein called collagen that is responsible in making the bones strong, this disease even affect the skeletal part of the inner ear, along with weak teeth and a bent spine.
Another is the bone cancer. It may be due to a primary cancer that begins in the bones or disperses in the bones as secondary cancer from one part of the body to another. Similar to rickets, osteomalacia is initiated by the dearth in Vitamin D metabolism of the body, affecting mostly the adults. Its symptoms are weak bones and abnormal skeletal part formations.
The Rare Bone Disease
Of the rare bone diseases, mention should be made of – fibrous dysplasia or FD. Severe in a wide spectrum, it can affect a single skeletal part and proceed unnoticed for years, or it can affect every skeletal part, thus, resulting in physical impairment. It is generally caused by unidentified genetic problem. Another one in this category is the melorheostosis – a rare and progressive bone disease characterized by thickening of the bone and influencing the junctions and the overlying soft tissue and skin. The age of diagnosis of this disease is typically based on the severity of onset and symptoms of this disease. Of the bone disorders, the most common is the bone fractures which normally occurs due to some accidents or medically, weakened bones are prone to fractures.
Bone Disorders in Children
Bone disorders in the cases of children can be exemplified as rickets and osteomyelitis. Affecting children with a low level of calcium and Vitamin D and intaking a poor diet the former bone disorder commonly takes place during the periods of fast growth, thus, softening the skeletal parts and thus, making abnormal bone formation. The latter bone disorder is generally initiated by bacteria or fungus, making children of all ages as its preys. Mostly common in the cases of infants and young kids, this infection hinders the growth of skeletal part of a child’s body. However, sometime the treatment of this bone disorder tends to be serious and hectic.
Bone Disorders in Elderly People
In the elderly people, paget’s disease causes skeletal parts of spine, skull, pelvis or leg to augment too large and weak. The bones affected by this disorder may be shattered easily and can lead to other medical issues. This disease is more common to elderly male than their counterparts.